I am truly looking forward to Affiliate World Europe in Barcelona this year. It takes place in a beautiful city, home to one of the most amazing structures I’ve ever seen Sagrada Familia. Not only does this look like a magical castle out of harry potter meets lord of the rings meets horror movies; it also is incomplete with construction still going on. It’s simply amazing how this structure’s been in construction for over 130 years and towers over Barcelona as a true landmark should. The following is a history of the construction of this beautiful masterpiece of architecture; quite educational.
Portrait of Josep
M. Bocabella i Verdaguer
Placement of the Sagrada Familia foundation stone
Gaudí when he tacked in charge
the temple works
The Sagrada Família in 1898
The works in 1899
1866 – Josep Maria Bocabella, the promoter of the Sagrada Família temple, found the Association of Saint Joseph Devout, with the aim to build the temple.
1876 – Bocabella begins to seek a lot in Barcelona to build the temple. Gaudí collaborates with architect Francesc de Paula Villar – that later will be the first architect of the Sagrada Família -, carrying out as designer the project of the chapel of the Virgin and the apse of the Monastery of Montserrat.
1881 – The land for the construction of the Sagrada Família is acquired. The architect Francesc de Paula i Villar takes charge of the works of construction.
1882 – The foundation stone of the temple is placed the Saint Joseph day, a little later, the construction of the crypt according to the project of Francesc de Paula i Villar begins. Gaudí was not still linked to the project.
1883 – Francesc da Paula i Villar resigns as the director of the project by discrepancies with the architect Martorell member of the Council that also intervened in the project and Josep Maria Bocabella. November 3, Gaudí succed Francesc de Paula Villar i Lozano as the architect of the Sagrada Família, under the suggestion of the architect Joan Martorell.
1884 – March 28, Gaudí sign the first official document as the architect of the Sagrada Família.
1885 – Gaudí carries out the first plan project of the Sagrada Família. He carries out an altar, a shrine and a sacrarium for the promoter of the temple Josep Bocabella.
1886 -He finishes the construction of the seven chapels of the Crypt of the Sagrada Família.
1887 – He builds the building of the vicarage of the Sagrada Família, in which he prepare his work space and where he will live the last years of his life.
1889 – The crypt of the Sagrada Família is finished and the construction of the apse begins.
1891 – Gaudí begins to study the Nativity façade.
1892 – The construction of the Nativity façade of the Sagrada Família begins. The apse already is very advanced, the gargoyles and the clerestories are built. April 22, Josep Maria Bocabella promoter of the temple dies.
1893 – The crypt and the apse are finished.
1894 – The façade of the apse is finished.
1895 – The construction of the cloister of the Sagrada Família is started.
1897 – The works are progressing well, 112 people is working in the temple .
1898 – Gaudí begins the first outlines of the Passion façade. The Rosary entry large central window is placed as other elements of the whole.
1899 – Several sculptures of the Nativity façade are placed like the angels playing clarions, Saint John, Saint Zachariah, Saint Joachim and Saint Anna. An organ with a gas engine is started.
1900 – The central stone archivolt is finished.
1901 – The large central window with 20 figures is finished as other smaller works.
1905 – The bell tower of Saint Barnabas gets the 44 meters of height.
1906 – The bell tower of Saint Mathew gets the 44 meters of height.
1908 – Start of the works of the Colònia Güell crypt where Gaudí
1909 – As a result of the “Tragic week” in Barcelona, several churches are burned.
1910 – Models of the works in gypsum by Gaudí are exposed in the Grand Palais of Paris in April 15 to 30 of June, with a great success.
1911 – Gaudí sick of Malta fevers. To be cured he comes to Puigcerdà. It does his testament.
1912 – The bell towers get the height of 66 meters.
1914 – The works are faced to important economic problems, only 30 people is working in it. Only the tenacity of Gaudí permits to continue the works.
The bell towers get the 70 meters of height.
Gaudí rejects new assignments and concentrates on the construction of the Sagrada Família.
1915 – The cardinals Torres i Bages and Pla i Deniel carry out extraordinary subscriptions to be able to continue the temple. Aids of businesses are received.
1916 – The bishop Torres i Bages dies, Gaudí does a study on the possibility to create tombs inside the Sagrada Família. Gaudí asks for aids the merchants of Barcelona.
1917 – Gaudí designs the Passion façade, including a monument to the
1918 – Eusebi Güell i Bacigalupi, count Güell, that had been the great sponsor of Gaudí, dies in
Hyperboloids in the models of the large windows.
1920 – Le Corbusier visit in Barcelona the works of the Sagrada Família, that he qualifies as master work.
1922 – The sacristies models are finished as the interior models of columns and vaults.
The outlines of the Glory façade are begin.
1923 – The gypsum models of the nave and the ceiling are carried out in scales 1/10 and 1/25
1924 – The sculptural group in stone of the Slaughter is placed.
1925 – Gaudí come to live inside the precinct of the Sagrada Família to be able to
1926 – The Venetian mosaic for the north bell tower is received.
1927 – The works of the temple are followed despite the death of Gaudí.
1930 – The four bell towers of the Nativity façade are finished.
1932 – The construction of the cypress of the central pinnacle begins.
1933 – The pinnacle of the Faith is finished.
1935 – The figures and the flashlight of the Hope and the flashlight of the Faith are finished.
1936 – Subsequently of the military coup that initiates the civil war
1939 – The war finished, the restoration of the crypt is begin.
1948 – The works to mount the South transept large window are taken up again with remained stones already prepared.
1952 – In occasion of the Barcelona International Eucharistic Congress, the flight of steeps of the
1953 – The Council decides to build the Passion façade.
1954 – The Passion façade works begin, under the direction of the architects Quintana, Puig Boada and Bonet Garí.
1957 – The chapel of the crypt Baptistery is finished.
1958 – The Saint Joseph day, the group of the Birth of the sculptor J. Busquets is placed on the genealogical column.
1961 – The Gaudí Museum is initiated into the crypt of the Passion façade.
1964 – The “conciliabuls” (literally places to speak quietly and secretly) are finished.
1965 – A carillon is installed. The elevator of the Nativity façade is inaugurated.
1966 – The group of the Annunciation by the sculptor J. Busquets is placed.
June 28 the architect Francesc Quintana, who was so decisive in the recovery of the necessary material by the continuation of the works of the temple, dies.
1967 – The bell towers of the Passion façade arrive at the height of 30 meters and the columns of the portico to the 9 meters.
1970 – The bell towers of the Passion façade already arrive at the 46 meters and the columns of the portal under the level of the capitals.
1976 – In the 50 anniversary of the death of Gaudí and concretely
1978 – The works begin of the naves walls.
1986 – The foundation of the naves begin.
1990 – The first sculptures by Josep Maria Subirachs are placed in the Passion façade.
1995 – Construction of the lateral naves vaults.
1998 – The construction of the central nave vaults begins.
2000 – The construction of the central nave vaults is finished.
2001 – The four columns of porphyry of the main altar in the centre of the transept are built.
2002 – Works are in progress in the transept and apse vaults to close the interior space of the temple.
Cloisters: the closing glasses have been installed as the stone flooring. New furniture is prepared.
Glory façade: The concrete structure of the Jube clerestory has been completed to 9 meters on the temple floor as other complementary works.
The content for this article was referenced from http://www.gaudiallgaudi.com/AA012crono.htm